This is merely a reprint of the FAQ from rec.arts.anime.misc. I have not changed anything, and will try to keep up on the updates as they are released.
Subject: [FAQ] rec.arts.anime.misc: Frequently Asked Questions Newsgroups: rec.arts.anime.info,rec.arts.anime.misc,rec.arts.anime.info,news.answers,rec.answers Keywords: monthly informative posting From: Steve Pearl
Reply-To: Steve Pearl Followup-To: rec.arts.anime.misc URL: http://www.cybercomm.net/~starbuck/FAQ.html Approved: email@example.com Archive-name: anime/faq THE ANIME FREQUENTLY-ASKED-QUESTIONS LIST ========================================= Edited by Steve Pearl June, 1998 This FAQ, as well as the other anime/manga newsgroup FAQs and info articles written by Steve Pearl, are available from the Official Anime/Manga FAQ page at http://www.cybercomm.net/~starbuck/FAQ.html The FAQs on that page are always the most recent version (The monthly posts are posted directly from that directory!) This is a monthly list of questions that have been frequently asked in this newsgroup. This article can be freely distributed for non-commercial use, as long as all credits and notices remain intact. If this is used in any publication, including APAs & CD-Rom Collections, a copy must be sent to: Steve Pearl PO Box 11044 New Brunswick, NJ 08906-1044 Please send all additions/corrections/comments to: Steve Pearl PO Box 11044 New Brunswick, NJ 08906-1044 Internet: firstname.lastname@example.org Changes to this posting since May: Updated, added or expanded: Added: Updated: Anime In Jokes, to point to the Resources FAQ for retrieval info. Revised: Coming soon: - Reorganization of FAQ based on topics Information needed: DISCLAIMER: The opinions expressed on this post do not necessarily represent the opinions held either by the editor or any organization he's affiliated with. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS: o ANIME CONS o ANIME IN-JOKES IN STAR TREK o DAICON VIDEOS o WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN A LARGE DROP OF WATER APPEARS ON ANIME CHARACTER'S HEAD? o WHY WAS "AH! MY GODDESS" CHANGED TO "OH! MY GODDESS"? IT WAS IN ENGLISH TO BEGIN WITH! o KIMAGURE ORANGE ROAD: THE FIRST OVA AND EPISODE #46 o LASERDISC ANIME GAMES o LUPIN, RUPAN, WHAT'S GOING ON HERE? WHY THE DIFFERENT NAMES FOR THE SAME GUY? o LEARNING JAPANESE o MEGAZONE 23, ROBOTECH, AND EVERYTHING o MIYAZAKI FILMS IN ENGLISH o NAUSICAA OF THE VALLEY OF THE WIND vs. WARRIORS OF THE WIND o RANMA 1/2 "WHAT-IF"s o ROBOTECH VS. MACROSS o MATTHEW SWEET'S "GIRLFRIEND" VIDEO AND SPACE ADVENTURER COBRA o OTAKU? WHAT'S AN OTAKU? o WHAT DOES "BUBBLEGUM CRISIS" REFER TO? o WHAT DOES THE TERM "BOOMER/BUMA" FROM BUBBLEGUM CRISIS/CRASH! STAND FOR? o HEY! I HEARD THAT SONODA KENICHI DIDN'T CREATE BUBBLEGUM CRISIS! IS THIS TRUE? o WHO OR WHAT IS BEAN BANDIT AND HOW CAN HE DO THE THINGS HE DOES? o OCCASIONALLY, IN ANIME, SHORT, ROUND VERSIONS OF ANIME CHARACTERS APPEAR. WHAT ARE THEY AND WHY ARE THE JAPANESE FOND OF USING THEM? o IS THERE AN ROLE-PLAYING GAME SYSTEM FOR RECORD OF LODOSS WAR? o WHY WON'T THERE BE ANYMORE RIDING BEAN OR BUBBLEGUM CRISIS OAVS? o WILL THERE BE ANY SEQUELS TO THE "RIDING BEAN" OAV? o WHAT ARE JAPANESE PHONE CARDS AND PHONE BOOKS AND WHAT DO THEY HAVE TO DO WITH ANIME/MANGA? o TRANSLATED MANGA AVAILABLE IN THE USA o WHY DO JAPANESE ANIME MAGAZINES COST SO MUCH IN THE U.S.? o WHO OR WHAT IS THIS PUMA PERSON? o WHAT DO ALL THESE ANIME ACRONYMS STAND FOR? o PLEASE TELL ME ABOUT JAPANESE HONORIFICS AND TERMS OF ADDRESS o WHAT IS THE HISTORY BEHIND ROBOTECH AND IT'S COMPONENT SHOWS? o HAS ANYONE SEEN THAT MUSIC VIDEO FROM THE GUNHED MOVIE? o WHAT ARE JIS KANJI CODES AND HOW DO I USE THEM? o WHAT IS THIS ANIME MUCK AND HOW DO I ACCESS IT? o WHAT DOES AD POLICE REALLY STAND FOR? o WHAT IS THIS SAILOR MOON THING, ANYHOW? o IS THE CRITERION EDITION OF AKIRA SUBTITLED? HOW IS THE EXTRA FOOTAGE? o WHAT'S THIS I HEAR ABOUT ROTTING KOR LASER DISKS o HEY! MY BGC 1-3 LD FROM ANIMEIGO IS HISSING! WHAT'S THE DEAL? o WHAT IS TURBO TITLER AND WHERE CAN I FIND IT? o WHAT TV SYSTEM DOES HONG KONG USE? o ARE MICHITAKA KIKUCHI & KIA ASAMIYA THE SAME PERSON? o IS SYLIA FROM BGC A BOOMER? o WHAT IS ANIMEIGO'S POLICY FOR RELEASING THEIR TITLES ON LASER DISC? o WHAT IS JACOSUB AND HOW CAN I CONTACT THE AUTHOR? o IS NAUSICAA WEARING PANTS? o WHAT IS "H"? o HOW DO YOU PRONOUNCE CARL MACEK'S LAST NAME? o WHAT'S THIS ABOUT QUANTUM LEAP AND AKIRA? --- o ANIME CONS: Once upon a time, we anime fans occupied tiny anime rooms at comic & SF cons (when they let us). In 1990, Project Akon happened with a convention entirely devoted to animation including anime. Then AnimeCon came along, with both Japanese & American industry guests. Anime Expo followed the next year, filling the void left by AnimeCon. Then came Anime America. After 5 years, Project Akon finally got a Japanese guest. Then the East Coast Convention explosion occured as Otakon, Anime East, & Katsucon all debuted in the space of one year. Now, there are a plethora of Anime related conventions all over the country: Anime America- Held in California during the Summer. Anime Expo- Held in California during the Summer. Anime Weekend Atlanta- Held in Atlanta during the Fall. Far East- (formerly Anime East) Held in New Jersey during the Spring. KatsuCon- Held in VIrginia during late Winter-Early Spring. Otakon- Held in the Baltimore, MD area during the Summer. Project AKON- Held in Texas during the Spring/Summer For more complete information, please refer to the "Anime Convention List" (See the Resources section of the FAQ). o ANIME IN-JOKES IN STAR TREK Some of the people who work in the set design department of Paramount Pictures are anime fans, and have been able to sneak anime references in Paramount's various STAR TREK television series. According to set manager Rick Sternbach, there is at least one reference per episode. Usually these references are in computer displays or in the sets themselves. Examples include: - Japanese characters in the "ambo-jitsu" ring that Cmdr. Riker used in "The Icarus Factor". All of them are written references to URUSEI YATSURA. - In the 2nd season episode "Peak Performance", a computer display with two ships called Kei and Yuri, a reference to the protagonists of the DIRTY PAIR OVA and TV series. - A reference to the element "sonodaium", for Kenichi Sonoda (creator of GALL FORCE, BUBBLEGUM CRISIS, and RIDING BEAN). Ironically enough, one of the most "obvious" anime in-jokes is not really one. The sister ship to the Enterprise, the Yamato, has the same name as the ship from SPACE CRUISER YAMATO (known in the US as STAR BLAZERS). However, Mr. Sternbach has indicated that it is only a coincidence, as both spacegoing vessels are named after the WWII Japanese battleship Yamato, one of the largest seagoing vessels ever built. (In fact, the Yamato from the anime series IS the WWII battleship, but that's another story). To the best of our knowledge, no one has done a canonical list of all the in-jokes discovered so far. [I have a partial list of stuff culled from appendix G of the Star Trek Guide. See the Resources section of the FAQ for information on how to get it.] o DAICON VIDEOS DAICON is a yearly SF convention held in Osaka, Japan. It is called DAI-CON because the kanji for Osaka can be read as "dai". (A "daicon" is also the name for a Humungous white radish, but that's another story.) "DAICON III" and "DAICON IV" were two animated shorts shown at the opening ceremonies of the 15th (1981) and 17th (1983) DAICONs. They feature the convention mascot (the Daicon Bunny, strongest Playboy Bunny in the universe) encountering everybody from the Space Cruiser Yamato to Ming the Merciless. As an interesting note, the people who made DAICON IV later went on to create the GAINAX (WINGS OF HONNEAMISE, NADIA OF THE MYSTERIOUS SEAS) animation studio. o WHAT WAS THE FIRST OAV? Contrary to popular beliefs, the first OAV was not Megazone 23 but rather *Moon Station Dallos* It came out a year before MZ23.(1984, where MZ23 was released in '85) - From a post by Gordon Waters o WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN A LARGE DROP OF WATER APPEARS ON ANIME CHARACTER'S HEAD? That is a big drop of sweat, showing that the person is embarassed or is worried about something o WHY WAS "AH! MY GODDESS" CHANGED TO "OH! MY GODDESS"? IT WAS IN ENGLISH TO BEGIN WITH! When the Englis licensors (Studio Proteus & AnimEigo) asked Fujishima what they should call the American release, and he said he didn't care, as long as they felt the title they chose sounded best in English. Therefore, they chose "OH MY GODDESS!", based upon their own opinions. Fujishima never expressed a preference for "OH" and he later told Hitoshi Doi that they should have left it alone. - From a post by Ryan Mathews o KIMAGURE ORANGE ROAD: THE FIRST OVA AND EPISODE #46 The first animated KOR ever made was an OVA based on a story from volume 5 of the manga with a beach resort being used instead of a skiing resort. For the KOR TV series that followed, the animation company and character designer were retained, but the voice actors were changed. In episode #46 of the TV series ("Okinawa Vacation"), the same story was used as for the first OVA, but the setting was changed back to a skiing resort. Most people consider KOR OVA #1 to be "White Lovers". o LASERDISC ANIME GAMES Some of the laserdisc videogames that came out in the early 80's used footage from anime films. Note that while the game discs themselves are not commercially available, the movies on which they are based on are available (with the exception of COBRA COMMAND, of course). 1) The laserdisc videogame CLIFF HANGER by Stern uses footage from two anime movies starring Lupin III, a charming thief created by manga artist Monkey Punch. The movies used were: - Lupin III: Lupin vs the Clones (a.k.a. Lupin III: Mystery of Mamo) - The Paris car/helicopter chase scene and the hanging scene were taken from this film. - Lupin III: Cagliostro's Castle - All the other footage for the game was taken from this film. Note: this film is currently being distributed in the US by Streamline Pictures. 2) The videogame BEGA'S BATTLE by Data East used footage from Katsuhiro Otomo's GENMA TAISEN (a.k.a. HARMAGGEDON). 3) The videogame COBRA COMMAND by Data East uses anime footage created (by Toei) specifically for the game. 4) The videogame GALAXY 999 used footage from Leiji Matsumoto's GALAXY EXPRESS 999. o LUPIN, RUPAN, WHAT'S GOING ON HERE? WHY THE DIFFERENT NAMES FOR THE SAME GUY? The reason for the difference in names is a matter of international copyright. Lupin III is based on a series of French novels about a gentleman thief known as Lupin. Monkey Punch's anime charecter is purported to be the grandson of the first Lupin. Now here's where the fun part comes in... It's been about 50 years since the death of the author, which makes the Lupin copyright public domain, internationally. AnimEigo is trying to avoid any copyright problems by calling it Rupan. Streamline, on the other hand, after refering to him as The Wolf to avoid similar problems has reverted to the Lupin name now that they can. You may notice that the Japanese pronounciation of the word is "Rupan." o LEARNING JAPANESE As is to be expected, all anime is in Japanese. Synopses, scripts, subtitles and dubbing all help to understand what's going on, but they can only cover a fraction of all the anime being released at a certain time. A common question in rec.arts.anime and sci.lang.japan is "What books would you folks recommend for someone who wants to learn colloquial Japanese?" The following books have been recommended by persons in this newsgroup as good sources for learning Japanese. Of course, they can't replace a live teacher in a Japanese course at your local university, or practicing with a Japanese-speaking friend (a GOOD friend, in case you unwittingly commit a faux-pas :-). Basic Japanese textbooks: BASIC STRUCTURES IN JAPANESE by Aoki, Hirose, Keller, Sakuma Taishukan Publishing Company A beginner's Japanese textbook. JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE by Eleanor Jordan The standard text for college level Japanese. Yale university Press, 1988. ISBN 0-300-04188-8 ESSENTIAL JAPANESE by Samuel. E. Martin. JAPANESE FOR BUSY PEOPLE (volumes I and II) by Association for Japanese-Language Teaching (AJALT) Kodansha International Publishers (Tokyo and NY) Another beginner's Japanese textbook. Recommended. Books on colloquial Japanese: JAPANESE IN ACTION by Jack Seward MAKING OUT IN JAPANESE by Todd & Erika Geers Yenbooks (Charles E. Tuttle Publishing Company) A book on colloquial Japanese. MORE MAKING OUT IN JAPANESE The sequel to "Making Out in Japanese" MANGAJIN MANGAJIN PO Box 7119 Marietta GA 30065 This is a magazine with detailed panel-by-panel manga translations, along with articles on the Japanese culture. Regular features include: "Galaxy Express 999", "What's Michael", "Tanaka-kun", etc. Great for learning colloquial Japanese. Books on Japanese Grammar: AN INTRODUCTION TO JAPANESE GRAMMAR AND COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES by Senko K. Maynard The Japan Times A book on Japanese Grammar Reference works: KENKYUSHA'S JAPANESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY NELSON'S CHINESE CHARACTER DICTIONARY Other suggestions: Get a feel of basic Japanese before figuring out the slangs and contractions. Keep in mind that even the simplest Manga assume about 7 years of constant Japanese usage. Get Japanese copies of children's classics such as Winne-the-Pooh, A Christmas Carol, etc., which are aimed for elementary/grammar school children. Read them and compare with the original English. Jordan's book has plain style Japanese starting with chapter 9. Most minor Japanese sentences are in the so-called "direct" style. Live in Japan for a while. [A bit drastic, isn't it? -- Editor] Read manga and watch T.V., preferably watch some show with subtitles. LOTS OF PATIENCE!! Learning a new language is never easy. o MEGAZONE 23, ROBOTECH, AND EVERYTHING MEGAZONE 23 (MEGAZONE TWO THREE) is a SF film about the Tokyo Megazone, a space-faring reproduction of modern Tokyo. Its inhabitants are kept unaware of the fact that this is not the real Tokyo by various means. There have been three MEGAZONE 23 films. Carl Macek (the producer of ROBOTECH) wanted to use the footage from the first MEGAZONE film for a ROBOTECH movie. The film was dubbed in late 1985, Intersound finished the production while Carl Macek was in Japan working on ROBOTECH: THE SENTINELS [a sequel to ROBOTECH which never got off the ground]. The deal was with Cannon films and when they showed it to them, they couldn't "understand" it. Since they wanted a ROBOTECH movie, they wanted "more guns, more shooting, more robots" and basically gave them two days to make a new movie. So Carl put in the SOUTHERN CROSS [a.k.a. "ROBOTECH MASTERS"] stuff in, even though he said "it's going to look terrible, Megazone is in 35mm , SC is in 16mm it's going to look terrible when it's blown up." Nevertheless he put it together and showed it to them and the execs said quote[in thick russian type accent as Carl was retelling] "Now dees is Cannon Film." PLUS, Carl had Tatsunoko animate a NEW ending (I guess we Americans can't handle anything but a happy ending). It was about ten minutes worth. And thus a test showing of ROBOTECH: THE MOVIE came out in a couple of Texas theaters back in the Xmas season, 1985, or maybe early 86, I can't quite remember. The audience reaction was so negative the film never got wide distribution. Now, MEGAZONE 23 PART II came around 2 years later. Harmony Gold was hired again to dub it for the Japanese market, for educational purposes (sorta like the Macross movie dub, except at least Intersound's actors had some semblence of talent.) I believe this was probably the last thing Macek did with HG though he might have been gone by then. Anyway, on the LD of the English MZ 23 II, at the beginning of the disc, they included a "Present For You", which basically was the new ending they did for use in Robotech the Movie without the voice track. The art styles between the new "ending" and MZ 23 II are radically different. -- Written by Ryan Gavigan Streamline Pictures has the rights to the entire Megazone 23 series and will be dubbing and releasing them. o MIYAZAKI FILMS IN ENGLISH TONARI NO TOTORO was _dubbed_ into English (by Streamline Pictures), and later released theatrically by Troma Films. The Home Video release is courtesy of Fox Video. Macek did have distribution rights to LAPUTA: CASTLE IN THE SKY (though he did _not_ dub that movie himself), but that was a set contractual time, and Carl either did not or could not option more time on the distribution rights. The movie is now back in the same Japanese producers hands. KIKI'S DELIVERY SERVICE was dubbed into English by JAL for showing on their international flights. There is no UNCUT English version of NAUSICAA OF THE VALLEY OF THE WIND (see next entry for details). No other Miyazaki films were dubbed into English. o NAUSICAA OF THE VALLEY OF THE WIND vs. WARRIORS OF THE WIND In 1984, Hayao Miyazaki directed NAUSICAA OF THE VALLEY OF THE WIND, a SF film based on the manga by the same name (distributed in the US by Viz Comics). This movie has been very popular in Japan and with r.a.a. readers. In 1988 New World Films released an English-dubbed version of the film, and changed the name to WARRIORS OF THE WIND. To make WoW a more action-oriented and marketable film, about 20 minutes of footage were cut from the original version, and major changes were made in the dialogue. The drastic difference in quality between the two films is used by anime fans as an example of the typical kind of gross editing done to anime features translated to English. Note that this is not a practice incurred upon by the companies mentioned under SUBTITLED and TRANSLATED anime in the Anime Resources List (with the exception of FHE). o RANMA 1/2 "WHAT-IF"s RANMA 1/2 is a TV comedy about Saotome Ranma, a teenager afflicted by a weird curse from a Chinese training ground called Jusenkyou (the land of cursed springs). There are more than 1000 pools there, each with its own curse. Ranma fell in Nyanniichuan (the Girl-Drowning Spring), where a girl drowned 1500 years ago. Because of the spring's curse, when Ranma is doused with cold water, he turns into a girl. Hot water changes her back nto a him. Several FAQs have come across, mostly idle "what-if" speculations. Here are some of the most common: Q: What if Ranma fell into another pool? Would both curses be activated at the same time? A: No. Only one curse can be active at a time. BTW, a character was introduced who, when splashed, transformed into a combination of various animals, because he fell into a cursed pool where various animals drowned together. Q: Can Ranma's curse be cured? A: Yes. In one episode, Ranma obtained a mix that turned ordinary water into "man-drown-spring" water. The water effectively cancelled the original curse, so Ranma didn't change when wet (unfortunately, the mix was a cheap imitation that only worked once). It is assumed that if Ranma were able to get to Jusenkyo, and find the real "man-drown-spring", he could remove his curse. Q: What would happen if Ranma-chan (the female Ranma, in Japanese) got pregnant? Would she lose her baby if she changed back to Ranma-kun (the male Ranma)? A: No idea. At any rate, it's very unlikely that such a thing will happen, for a number of reasons, some of which are: - Mentally, Ranma is still a man, whatever his physical form may be. - Rumiko Takahashi, the author of RANMA 1/2, doesn't write that kind of story. :-) -- With a lot of help from Theresa Martin and Ken Arromdee o ROBOTECH VS. MACROSS SUPER DIMENSION FORTRESS MACROSS was made a little before 1982 and was released in 1982 as a TV series in Japan. The overall popularity that MACROSS received from the Japanese audience was so astounding that the creators of the series decided to make a movie rather than another series. In 1984, MACROSS: DO YOU REMEMBER LOVE opened in theaters all across Japan. It has the the same basic plot as the series, but with more visual pizzazz. ROBOTECH is composed of three different series which have absolutely no connections to each other. Carl Macek bought the rights to these three series and with his team of helpers, got these three series to be combined into one story which was called ROBOTECH. The first is MACROSS as all you guys should know by now. Carl Macek massively edited the series to fit his need but still kept to the main story line that the Japanese creators made. The other two series that was part of ROBOTECH was great if their true stories were told rather than being part of the Macross saga which everyone who talks about this seems to like. -- From a posting by Kong Chung-Lin Chang [Editor's note: The other two series used for Robotech were SUPER DIMENSIONAL CAVALRY SOUTHERN CROSS (a.k.a. THE ROBOTECH MASTERS) and GENESIS CLIMBER MOSPEADA (a.k.a. ROBOTECH: THE NEW GENERATION). But Kong is right when he writes that Macross is the one most people associate with Robotech.] o MATTHEW SWEET'S "GIRLFRIEND" VIDEO AND SPACE ADVENTURER COBRA The video "Girlfriend" by Matthew Sweet uses anime footage from the movie SPACE ADVENTURER COBRA, based on the comic of the same name by Buichi Terasawa. VIZ comics published 10 (11?) issues of the COBRA comic in English. Neither the movie (nor the COBRA TV series) are available in English. Although the pilot episode of Cobra was dubbed in English. Some lucky people have a copy. (I am not one, so please don't ask!) o OTAKU? WHAT'S AN OTAKU? OTAKU (1) Original meaning: Your house (company, organiztion, etc), used as a polite form of the second person => you (2) Meaning in early-late 1980's: An extreme fan of anime/manga/sf who lacks communications with other people and usually untidy => nerd, fanboy [Otakus used "otaku" for "you" instead of more common "anata" "anta" and that' what gave them the title of Otaku-Zoku (otaku-race)] (3) Current Usage: Anyone obssesed or overly interested with any subject Car otaku, Gun Otaku, etc... => mania, freak (2) has VERY negative meaning and (3) still carries negative meaning, unless used between otakus, of course. :-) So use "otaku" to only other anime fans. On the net, Otaku is usually refered to a big fan of anime and/or manga. For example, I'm an Otaku. :-) --From a posting by Tonghyun "Vajra" Kim One other suggestion: Don't call _anyone_ else an otaku unless you know how they feel about the term. Not all anime fans like being called an otaku. I'm one of those who doesn't care to have the word applied to me, though I have no problems with other fans calling themselves otaku. -- Christina Callahan O WHAT DOES "BUBBLEGUM CRISIS" REFER TO? Conventional fan definition: It describes the state of technology in MegaTokyo (and the world)... Like a very big bubblegum bubble, surface tension in the city has been rising and rising, and it is about to reach a point where nothing will stop a collapse or blow-up... (ie. Boomers going rampant, etc.) Thus, it's a Bubblegum Crisis... Simple, isn't it? --From a posting by Michael Studte A Bubblegum Crisis is what happens when you blow a huge bubblegum bubble and it pops and gets all over your face and hair and won't easily get cleaned up. In other words, a wierd and yucky problem that just won't go away. Source : Toshimichi Suzuki, creator of Bubblegum Crisis. --From a posting by Robert Woodhead o WHAT DOES THE TERM "BOOMER/BUMA" FROM BUBBLEGUM CRISIS/CRASH! STAND FOR? This is a question that has plagued anime fandom for some time. Some people have speculated that it could be a phonetic reading of an acronym (Much the way Mospeada actually stands for Military Operation Soldier Protection Emergency Aviation) like Boomer = B_io- or BUMA =Big M_echanical Ugly R_eplicant Metal Android But as always, Robert Woodhead has the definitive answer: "It does not stand for anything. The creators liked the feel of the English word (ie: one who makes a lot of noise, a lot of fuss) and one thing lead to another..." o HEY! I HEARD THAT SONODA KENICHI DIDN'T CREATE BUBBLEGUM CRISIS! IS THIS TRUE? Sonoda Kenichi did not create Bubblegum Crisis. He worked on character and mechanical designs for the first four episodes, and assisted on production designs on the last episode. The reason he is credited with character designs on episodes 5-8 is that character designs he did for episodes 1-4 were reused. Gooda Hiroaki and Urushibara Satoshi designed all the new characters in episodes 5-8. Sonoda is also credited with the character designs in Bubblegum Crash for the same reason, i.e., old character designs of his were recycled. Also, Sonoda was second choice for this job; he was tapped only after Artmic's first choice, Amano Yoshitaka (known for his character designs on such features as Gatchaman, Mospeada, Vampire Hunter D and Tenshi no Tamago), turned it down because he didn't want to do mechanical designs. The series was created by Suzuki Toshimichi, founder and president of Artmic, and author of the screenplays for episodes 5-7. Addendum: Sonoda started out working on Moonlight Rambler, but quit partway through, for reasons not entirely clear. Gooda Hiroaki took over at that point; Largo is his original design, for example. Sonoda also did the cover art for the videocassette and LD editions of all eight episodes of Crisis, all the Crisis CDs, and both Hurricane Live videos, which may explain his involvement in the character design process of later episodes. As for Vision, he did all the cover art for Double Vision (see above). Also, Urushibara intended the Vision design to be based on an older version of Irene, so Sonoda's work was at least tangentially involved here too. -Michael House (AnimEigo) o WHO OR WHAT IS BEAN BANDIT AND HOW CAN HE DO THE THINGS HE DOES? The character Bean Bandit in the OAV "Riding Bean" seems almost superhuman. He seems to withstand bullets, car impacts, etc. How can he do this? 1) Bean is supposed to be a mix of all the best races of the world. So he's supposed to be genetically perfect perhaps...or superior. 2) He wears a Titanium mesh jacket lined with Kevlar. 10-20 times stronger than Kevlar alone. Thus the bullets could not hurt him. You'll note he was holding up the collar flap against his cheek to protect his head. His gloves and headband are made of the same material. 3) As one poster said Bean is Sonoda's equivalent of every Tough Guy(tm) that Hollywood has ever created. Everyone from Sam Spade to the Eastwood's Mysterious Stranger (High Plains Drifter, et al) to John McClane of Die Hard. They perform deeds beyond the abilities of normal men. Bean is a modern-day pulp hero, sort of a Doc Savage for the 1990s. He's not superhuman, he's not a Buma and he's not normal. He's a Tough Guy (tm)! 4) The one TRUE source, Kenichi Sonoda, was asked "WHAT _IS_ BEAN?" and he answered: "Bean's one well built brother." o OCCASIONALLY, IN ANIME, SHORT, ROUND VERSIONS OF ANIME CHARACTERS APPEAR. WHAT ARE THEY AND WHY ARE THE JAPANESE FOND OF USING THEM? That practice is known as "Super-Deforming" characters. It's a way of making even the most horrible monster into something small and cute. As far as I know, the first occurrance of this was in SD-Gundam. Nowadays, Super-Deformed characters are appearing *everywhere*. Here are a couple I can come up with, just off the top of my head. It seems to be appealing for some strange reason :-): - Ranma 1/2 Nettouhen The 'eyecatch' sequences - Video Girl Ai The postscript segments - Dirty Pair The closing credits of the 10 episode OAV series - Superdimensional Fortress Macross The opening credits (when the series was rerun recently) - Gunbuster The science lessons - Gall Force 10 Little Gall Force - Patlabor on Television The first 'eyecatch' sequences - SD Gundam OF COURSE!! - From a post by Alan Takahashi o IS THERE AN ROLE-PLAYING GAME SYSTEM FOR RECORD OF LODOSS WAR? The original RoLW was a pseudo D&D campaign, based on a much simplified verison of its rules. As its publicity grew, the gaming group, Group SNE, began to explain some of the rules at the back of their novels and RPG replays. The first attempt at publishing a complete system was the printing of the RoLW Companion in October 1989. The success it enjoyed prompted the release of volume two, which came out in June 1991, soon after the series has been animated. These books may be available at Kinokuniya or other major Japanese bookstores. -From a post by Chadwick Sheeta "the Elf" o WHY WON'T THERE BE ANYMORE RIDING BEAN OR BUBBLEGUM CRISIS OAVS? There are currently legal problems due to the recent breakup of Youmex and Artmic because they both own the rights to Riding Bean and BGCrisis jointly. And there's (currently) no way to resolve their dispute and/or the rights so there won't be any more. However, Bean has been making guest appearances in Sonoda's current manga, "Gunsmith Cats" - From a post by Michael Studte Animerica #3 implies more BGC-related OAVs (doing one for Paradise Lost, set in the BGC universe, although I don't think it's going to have any BGC characters in it). - Ken Arromdee o WILL THERE BE ANY SEQUELS TO THE "RIDING BEAN" OAV? In all likelihood, No. Unfortunately, Riding Bean, like Bubblegum Crisis, is another victim of the Artmic/Youmex split. Specifically, the rights to Riding Bean are owned jointly by Artmic and Youmex, who endured a messy partnership rift several years ago. As a result, neither company is willing to sell or relinquish its share of the rights to the other, so these titles are left in the lurch. Rally fans, however, may be interested in Gunsmith Cats, a five volume continuing manga series by Riding Bean character designer, Sonoda Kenichi which has recently been animated and released domestically by AD Vision. - Roderick "Spontaneous FAQ Writer" Lee o WHAT ARE JAPANESE PHONE CARDS AND PHONE BOOKS AND WHAT DO THEY HAVE TO DO WITH ANIME/MANGA? These are actually two different things. -Phone Cards: Ma Bell in Japan is still a national monopoly / government bureacracy. Nippon Telephone and Telegraph (NTT) charges 10 yen per time unit for local calls. 10 yen coins are an annoyance to carry around. Sort of like a pocket full of nickles. But if you stuff a larger denomination coin into a phone, you don't get change for time/money not used. Enter the telephone card. It is a cheap piece of plastic the size of a credit card with a magnetic widget inside. You buy them from a vending machine or a kiosk (in denominations ranging from 500 to 5000 yen). The green phones are (mostly) wired to accept phone cards (yes, there are different color phones depending on the type of call). Stuff a telephone card into the slot and you don't have to worry about carrying around a pocket full of nickles and the magnetic widget counts off each time unit as you use it. There cards are particularly useful for international calls. Each time unit costs 100 yen and they count off very quickly. With all these little plastic cards running around, somebody in Japan got the idea of putting pretty pictures on them. Like mountains, or rivers, or forests, or movie stars, or whatever. Certain types of fans like to collect these cards (sort of like a cross between expensive postage stamps and baseball cards). For these fans, companies print up limited runs of cards with desireable pictures on them and then sell them for double the face value (spend 1000 yen to get a 500 yen card). The fans value these cards as long as they are not used at all. So they are another anime/manga collectable. - from a post by Eric Kouba - Phone Books This is a term used to describe the various manga magazines. These periodicals are typically printed on newsprint, and contain several ongoing manga stories (which, if popular, are usually collected into collections). These magazines are VERY thick and often resemble phonebooks. o TRANSLATED AND/OR ENGLISH-LANGUAGE MANGA AVAILABLE IN THE USA There are a relatively large number of English language manga available in the US. Publishers releasing translated manga include: EPIC, VIZ, ANTARCTIC PRESS, and DARK HORSE. For a comprehensive list of translated manga, please refer to the (upcoming) English Translated Manga list. (See "Anime Resources") o WHY DO JAPANESE ANIME MAGAZINES COST SO MUCH IN THE U.S.? If you purchase your anime magazines at a Japanese bookstore like Kinokuniya or Nikaku, then you are getting your magazine for the best price short of picking it up in Japan. These bookstores usually charge $1.70 per Y100, which seems to be the standard rate for all Japanese periodicals. (This amount varies with the exchange rate) If, however, you are purchasing these magazines at a Comic shop, you are likely spending upwards of $15 each (with the risk that an unscrupulous shop owner might be removing the neat inserts). The reason why Comic shops are much more expensive is that Comic shops usually receive comic items at a hefty discount (around 40%). But they are getting these magazines at close to the same cost we are paying for them. So they have to mark up the cost in order to maintain the same margins. Typical magazine costs: In Japan: At Kinokuniya/Nikaku At a comic shop: $4.00 $6.00 $13 For the addresses of Nikaku and other Japanese bookstores, please refer to the Anime Resources FAQ. --Steve Pearl o WHO OR WHAT IS THIS PUMA PERSON? PUMA once on r.a.anime. PUMA write funny posts. PUMA had biggest funniest .sig! PUMA had other name -- Keith Andreano! PUMA otaku at finest! PUMA should represent us all! PUMA's fave manga: NAUSEA of the Valley of Passing Wind! Now that miasma! No wonder they wear masks! Must grow a lot of beans there! PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA! PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA! PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA!PUMA! or in English: By day, PUMA masquerades as Keith J. Andreano, a former participant of rec.arts.anime. Keith lost his account, though, a few months ago. A black, black, day. --From posts by David Blume & Sea Wasp Addendum: Puma has since returned and left the net again. To the joy and sorrow (take your pick) of the various other netters. o WHAT DO ALL THESE ANIME ACRONYMS STAND FOR? GUNDAM: General purpose Utility, Non-Discontinuity, Augmentation Maneuvering VOTOMS: Vertical One-man Tank for Offensive Maneuvering MOSPEADA: Military Operation Soldier Protection Emergency Aviation Drive Aut GERWALK: Ground Effective Reinforcement of Winged Armament with Locomotive Knee joint o PLEASE TELL ME ABOUT JAPANESE HONORIFICS AND TERMS OF ADDRESS Here are the most common honorifics and terms of address. -sama Very respectful ending. Not normally used with someone's names. Used to people of superior status, like your boss, or to your guests as a host. Envelopes should be addressed with "-sama". A shopkeeper might call a customer "o-kyaku-sama" (Respected Mr. Customer). sensei A respectful term meaning "teacher", also used with physicians. Frequently used to refer to experts in a field or people in any respected occupation. Lawyers, master chefs, fashion designers, and even some manga artists are called "sensei". Sometimes used like an honorific with a name or title, as in "kouchou-sensei" (Mr. Principal, Sir). -san Usual term of respect. It can stand for Mr. and Ms., and is attached to either first or last names, and names of occupations like "o-mawari-san" (Mr. Policeman). You use it for strangers and people you don't know well, but are more or less the same social status. When in doubt, use "-san". However, never use "-san" with your own name or your family members' names. Also, it shouldn't be used to refer to famous people, since a small degree of intimacy is implied. High school girls are usually called "-san". sempai Somebody in the same general social class, but socially superior to you. "Sempai" can also be used as an honorific. Older students may be addressed respectfully as sempai, especially by girls. -kun Used by a socially superior male to a socially inferior male. Familiarly used among male students and boys who grew up together. Recently, some teachers call girl students and some bosses call office ladies with "-kun", but it's still considered a masculine suffix. High school boys are called "-kun". Girls go from "-chan" to "-san" in high school, but boys go through a period of "-kun" in between. - Calling someone by a family name alone is being very familiar (or rough). Calling someone by given name alone is less rough, but more familiar. Using no honorific when one is expected can be an expression of contempt. -chan Intimate form of address. Families that are close use it, and "-chan" is often used to, and by, very young children. Used with given names, abbreviations of given names, and nicknames, but not family names. Children who grow up together (like Madoka and Hikaru), may keep using "-chan" into adulthood. Note: to call a social superior "-chan" without reason is very insulting. Family terms are also common terms of address. (Note: One may sometimes identify a person by taking the listener's point of view, as when a man refers to himself as "father" to his children.) Referring to Addressing yours someone's yours (*) someone's grandfather sohu ojii-san ojii-san ojii-san grandmother sobo obaa-san obaa-san obaa-san uncle oji oji-san oji-san oji-san aunt oba oba-san oba-san oba-san elder brother ani onii-san (o)nii-san [Name]-san elder sister ane onee-san (o)nee-san [Name]-san These six forms of address occur a lot. Children call strangers by the above family member terms, depending on whether what type of relative they consider them old enuf to be. (A good example of this is a scene recently described in this newsgroup where a child addresses a question to a young woman as "oba-san", and she responds, referring to herself as "oNEE-san".) father chichi otou-san (o)tou-san/papa otou-san mother haha okaa-san (o)kaa-san/mama okaa-san younger brother otouto otouto-san [Name] [Name]-san younger sister imouto imouto-san [Name] [Name]-san daughter musume ojou-san [Name] [Name]-san son musuko musuko-san [Name] [Name]-san wife tsuma/kanai oku-san omae/[Name] oku-san husband shujin goshujin(-sama) anata goshujin(-sama) [Surname]-san Some ways of saying "you": otaku very polite sochira very polite anata polite, common(*) kimi informal masculine pronoun, common(*) omae very informal or rough(*) anta very informal or rough contraction temae very rough (Note: can also mean "I") onore very rough (Note: can also mean "I") kisama very rough Some ways of saying "I": watakushi very polite kochira very polite watashi polite, common(*) atakushi polite feminine contraction kotchi polite washi informal masculine contraction, used by old men atashi informal feminine contraction boku informal masculine pronoun, common, used by boys/young men(*) uchi informal feminine ore very informal or rough I've marked with a * the ones that come up frequently. Learning them will make watching unsubtitled anime more pleasant, but there's no need to memorize them, all at once. You may notice that the very rough words for "you" are often translated as curses. These are pronouns that insultingly imply the speaker's superiority. They come up often as fighting words. - From a posting by Theresa Martin o WHAT IS THE HISTORY BEHIND ROBOTECH AND IT'S COMPONENT SHOWS? Sherman, set the Way-Back machine to 1982, in Japan. It was then that a series by name of Super Dimension Fortress Macross first aired on Japanese television, a product of Tatsunoko. After Macross ended in 1983, Tokyo Movie Shinsha's Super Dimension Century Orguss took its place on the airwaves. Orguss shared some common creators with, and had a few in-joke references to Macross. Beyond that, there was no relation. When Orguss finished its run of episodes, another "Super Dimension" show took its place: Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross. This is also in 1983. Bear in mind that these "Super Dimension" shows had little in common save the title. They were not related in any way, save for the brief references in Orguss mentioned above. Megazone 23, one of the first OVAs (Original Video Animation), was released in 1984. It had the same character designer as Macross and Orguss, one Haruhiko Mikimoto. On television, a short-lived series by name of Genesis Climber Mospeada came and went. Theatrically, the Macross movie was released (its title, Macross: Oboete Imasuka has been translated as Macross: Love, Do You Remember? or Macross: Do You Remember Love). The Macross movie was more of a retelling of the Macross series, rather than a sequel. Let's wander over to North America. Sometime around mid- to late 1984, the rights to the Macross series were acquired by Harmony Gold. Originally, Macross was slated to be translated rather faithfully, and a TV-movie compilation of the first three episodes had been broadcast. However, the "golden number" for television syndication is 65 episodes - 13 weeks of daily weekday episodes. So, in order to pad out the series, Macross was reworked a little, Southern Cross and Mospeada were hastily adapted and tacked on to the end, and the 85-episode Robotech series was born, first aired in 1985. (An extra transition episode was created by editing footage from Macross and Southern Cross together.) Now things get a little murky. Sometime around 1985-1986, back in Japan, Shogakukan commissioned an English translation of the Macross movie, which was then titled Super Space Fortress Macross. Also, Megazone 23 Part II was released on video. In 1986, Macross Flashback: 2012, a 30-minute OAV, was released in Japan. This was 22 minutes of scenes from the Macross series and movie, as well as images from various Macross publications, edited to accompany music from the series, plus eight minutes of new animation, showing some footage previously cut from the movie, as well as a showing what happened to our heroes after the war. Back in the US, Harmony Gold was riding the crest of Robotech's popularity, and had started production on Robotech II: The Sentinels and a Robotech movie. Sentinels was to be a brand-new series of 65 episodes, written in North America and animated in Japan, for North American broadcast. For a variety of reasons, this was never completed, and as a consequence never released on television. The Robotech movie was a re-edited Megazone 23, combined with footage from Southern Cross, plus a 12-minute happy ending, comprised of new animation commissioned from Japan. The movie was barely released (a few test screenings and a showing at the Los Angeles Animation Celebration) before vanishing from the big screen altogether. Back to Japan: Megazone 23 Part II is translated to English with Japanese subtitles, for use as a Japanese teaching aid. The 12 minutes of new footage for the Robotech Movie is included on this video, which was released as Megazone 23 Part II: Foreign Edition. A quick hop back to North America - in 1987, Super Space Fortress Macross makes it to North American shores - minus 18 minutes of footage - as Clash of the Bionoids. In 1988, seventy-six minutes of completed footage from Sentinels was compiled and released on video. In 1992, Macross II - a sequel to the Macross movie - is released nearly simultaneously in Japan and the United States. --From a posting by Emru Townsend o HAS ANYONE SEEN THAT MUSIC VIDEO FROM THE GUNHED MOVIE? A. The live-action Gunhed movie is about ninety minutes of B-movie science fiction mind candy. The interesting aspect of it is that the dialogue is in both Japanese and English (The English has Japanese subtitles). Believe it or not, it is available on LD. Try any place that deals in anime LD's, but especially those in the Resource Guide. The video you saw is by the Vancouver industrial group Front Line Assembly who purchased the rights, for about $10,000, to use the movie footage in their video, "Mindphaser," which is available on their Tactical Neural Implant album. In return, the Japanese are free to use the "Mindphaser" video to demonstrate Surround sound tv's in their video showrooms. The agent responsible for this video arrangement is best known for his work with Nettwerk videos, so it is not beyond the realm of possibility to see another joint agreement with another Nettwerk band. Unfortunately, FLA has not yet released "Mindphaser" to the home video market. Other related material includes a three volume comic by Viz and follow-up graphic novel as well as a PC Engine/TurboGrafx 16 game just called Gunhed. In North America, the TG 16 title is Blazing Lazers. (The game appears to be unrelated to the manga series though) o WHAT ARE JIS KANJI CODES AND HOW DO I USE THEM? For everything you ever wanted to know about JIS kanji codes, and a list of programs that can use it for many kinds of computers, anonymous ftp pub/JIS/japan*.inf from ucdavis.edu, or pub/anime/lyrix/JIS.inf from romulus.rutgers.edu. I [Steve Pearl] am willing to email it to you upon request if you cannot ftp. (From a posting by Theresa Martin) o WHAT DOES AD POLICE REALLY STAND FOR? DOES IT STAND FOR: a)Advanced Defense Police ^ ^ ^ b) ADvanced Police ^^ ^ c) About-to-Die Police ^ ^ ^ According to Animerica, the answer is: a) Advanced Defense Police (per ANIMERICA #0) ^ ^ Of course according to the computer terminals in "Scoop Chase" (BGC8) it's ADvanced Police. ^^ ^ Given the Japanese people's famous accuracy and consistancy in using English, it is quite possible that both A & B are right. o WHAT IS THIS ANIME MUCK AND HOW DO I ACCESS IT? Well, since there have been several requests on how to get to AnimeMUCK, here is a simple way to get there. First off, you need to be able to use "Telnet" or have a program called "TinyFugue" (Commonly refered as 'tf'), which still uses Telnet to connect to the muck. Now, type in 'telnet' and you should get 'telnet>' prompt. For some of you, you might have to type in the following, 'toggle crlf' so you will get line feeds after your returns. If you do not get those linefeeds, you will not be able to do much until otherwise. After doing that, type in, 'open anime.tcp.com 2035' or for those of you who do not have a name server, type in, 'open 126.96.36.199 2035' >From here on out, it is the MUCK. Now it would be suggested that you get the MUCK documents from either piggy.ucsb.edu or glia.biostr.washington.edu. They have a document called mudenc.txt and mudref.txt. Those two files tell you a little on how to get around on a muck and how to MUCK. Also, for those of you who wish to program on a muck, you might want to get the following text files from the sites: mufman, muftut, mufref. There is also 'info new.muf' and 'info new.prims' on the muck for the TinyMUCK 2.2fb4.2f for the FB server's primatives that tend to make a few more things easier (Or harder) for the programmer. For those of you who are connecting as guests, here is some simple commands to know before you get discouraged... SAY or " - Say does not have to be in capitals. This will allow you to say something to people. WHISPER = - This will allow you to say something to a specific person. Only that person will here it, but the person must ALSO be in the same room. POSE or : - This will allow you to pose something. To best show what a pose is, here is an example: Priss types in: :waves hello to you. It appears as: Priss waves hello to you. PAGE = - This will allow you to send a message to a person who is not in the room you are in. LOOK [
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